To create or modify a Fax Profile:
- In the WebUI, click the Settings tab.
- In the left navigation pane, go to Media > Media Profiles.
- From the Create Media Profile drop down box, select Fax Codec Profile.
Modifying a Fax Profile
- Click the expand ( ) Icon next to the entry you wish to modify.
- Edit the entry properties as required, see details below.
Creating a Fax Profile
From the Create Media Profile drop down box at the top of the Media Profiles page, select Fax Codec Profile.
Fax Profile - Field Definitions
Fallback to Passthrough
Specifies whether or not the T.38 will fall back to Fax Passthrough if not supported by peer.
If fallback is disabled, and Sonus SBC 1000/2000 detects a fax call and attempts to switch-over to T.38 mode and the peer gateway does not support T.38 protocol, the call will fail.
If fallback is enabled, under the same circumstances as above, then when T.38 switch-over fails, the Sonus SBC 1000/2000 will attempt to switch-over to G.711 codec (if the peer supports it).
Specifies the maximum FAX connection bit rate (bits/second).
This is the maximum rate at which a fax call will be negotiated between the Sonus SBC 1000/2000 and the fax machine. It takes longer to transfer a page at lower rate, however, lower rate may make the fax call more reliable.
Signaling Packet Redundancy
Specifies the number of redundant packets sent for each T.30 (signaling) message.
In a T.38 fax call, there are two types of packets exchanged between the two gateways: signaling packets carrying fax call control information and payload packets carrying page data. The Signaling Packet Redundancy parameter controls the number of redundant packets sent by Sonus SBC 1000/2000 for each T.38 signaling packet. Use a low value for this parameter if the data network is of good quality with no or little packet loss.
Payload Packet Redundancy
Specifies the number of redundant packets sent for each packet containing page data.
This feature is similar to the Signaling Packet Redundancy feature, except that it applies to the payload packets instead of signaling packets.
Error Correction Mode
Specifies the error correction mode (ECM) for fax calls.
ECM is used to make the fax call reliable (using retransmissions between fax machines). When disabled in the Sonus SBC 1000/2000 configuration, ECM will not be used, even if both fax machines support it.
Training Confirmation Procedure
Specifies the Training Confirmation (TCF) procedure for fax calls.
- Locally Generate: The TCF data is not passed across the IP network. Each gateway independently generates or checks the TCF and only the result of the training is passed over the network.
- Send over the Network: The TCF data is passed across the IP network in the same way as any other page data.
Super G3 to G3 Fallback
Super G3 to G3 Fallback is applicable to fax calls in TDM-to-IP or IP-to-TDM directions. It is not applicable to TDM-to-TDM or IP-to-IP fax calls.
The Super G3 to G3 Fallback feature enables the SBC to unconditionally use T.38 protocol between two Super G3 fax machines. The call is always negotiated as if it were a G3-to-G3 fax call. Available options: Enabled (T.38 protocol is always negotiated between two Super G3 fax machines), or Disabled (T.38 protocol may not be negotiated between two Super G3 fax machines. Under many conditions, the call may come up as a modem pass-through call).
T.38 must be properly configured in the SBC according to the following guidelines:
- T.38 must be added/selected in the Media Profiles List for both ends of the call. See Creating and Modifying Media Lists.
- The Super G3 to G3 Fallback option must be enabled (through Fax Codec Configuration) on the fax origination side, termination side, or both sides.
- If the Signaling Group (for which the SG3 to G3 Fax Fallback is activated) is dedicated to voice and fax calls only (i.e. modem calls are not expected and the Modem Passthrough parameter in the Media List is disabled), the TDM switch inside the SBC is used to manipulate the connection to the called fax machine to force fallback to T.38 mode. This method is very reliable but it will disrupt modem calls--that is why it is used only if modem calls are not expected over the signaling group.
- If all call types (voice, fax and modem) are allowed over the signaling group, then a DSP based method is used to squelch some signals to the called fax machine. This method will not disrupt modem calling, however, it may not work reliably if the IP network has excessive packet loss and/or jitter.
Additional Notes About Fax Support
- The SBC 1000/2000 supports fax transmission using fax passthrough (G.711 codec) or using the T.38 protocol. When fax passthrough is the selected method, transmission speed is dependent upon the quality of the IP network. When the T.38 protocol is selected, the maximum speed is limited to 14.4 Kbps in this implementation.
- If T.38 protocol is used in conjunction with V.34, the Super G3 to G3 Fax Fallback feature should be enabled. This allows V.34 fax over T.38 at a rate of 14.4 Kbps.