In this section:
The Screen utility is a tool for use with Linux that connects a physical terminal between several shell processes. This utility is included with all Linux-based Ribbon products.
Ribbon recommends using the Screen utility when working remotely on a server, especially during install, upgrade or migration activities.
The Screen utility allows you to:
All windows run their programs completely independent of each other. Whatever you type is sent to the program running in the current window. To initiate the command, use Ctrl-A. This is usually followed by another keystroke depending on what you do next.
For more information on the Screen utility, refer to http://www.gnu.org/software/screen/manual/screen.html.
screen-4.0.3-4.el5.x86_64.rpm file (only in case of RedHat 5.x releases) from the LINTEL_PLATFORM area of Ribbon Support Portal. Copy the downloaded
.rpm file into
/tmp directory of the Linux server.
The Screen utility is installed by default with RedHat 6.x and later versions.
# cd /tmp # rpm -ihv screen-4.0.3-4.el5.x86_64.rpm
To check if Screen is installed in your Linux system, execute the following command:
# which screen /usr/bin/screen
To check the screen version , execute the following command.
#screen --version Screen version 4.01.00devel (GNU) 2-May-06
The Screen utility is available by default under
Execute the following command to start screen:
The Screen utility uses the Ctrl-A command to send commands to screen instead of the shell.
The following commands are used in combination with the Ctrl-A command:
Ctrl -A + ?
List the screen help page
|Creating new window|
Ctrl-A + C
|Create a new window with your default prompt.|
|Creating window title||Ctrl-A + A|
Assign the screen window with a title.
|Switching between windows||Ctrl-A + N||Switch to the next window.|
|Ctrl-A + P|
Switch to the previous window.
|Ctrl-A + <1-9>|
Switch to screen window number 0 to 9.
Example: Ctrl-A + 2, switches to the second screen window.
|Detaching from screen||Ctrl-A + D|
Detach from a window and reattach later.
|Reattach to screen|
To re-attach to your detached screen, execute this command.
If you have multiple screens you may get this:
|Logging screen outputs||Ctrl-A + H|
Create a running log of the session to the file "hardcopy.n" file (where n is the number of the current window).
The hard copies are dumped in the screen's current working directory.
|Getting alerts ||Ctrl-A + M|
Monitor a window for activity.
If you are waiting for output from a long-running program, you can use Ctrl + a M to look for activity. The Screen utility will then flash an alert at the bottom of the page when output is registered on that screen.
If you are downloading a large file or compiling a program, you can be notified when there is no more output.
|Locking screen session||Ctrl-A + X|
Lock your screen session. This requires a password to access the session again.
To exit and close the screen utility, execute this command.
|Kill the screen||Ctrl-A + K|
Terminate and exit the screen utility.